Various children with the spectrum disorder of autism have over average or average intelligence. The disorder can still impact their learning in many ways. Other people on this spectrum have more than one or one learning disability and other academic problems. You can address some of these learning disabilities effectively with earlier interventions.
For the students who have reached an age to go to school. You can put an IEP to convey academic loss and recognize classroom accommodations to ensure success. At the same time, a disability like autism can impact learning negatively. An individual can also escort it by rare abilities and strengths. For the people for work and teach with such children, it is essential that they know of the learning challenges. They also face and how to convey them perfectly. Classroom experience and learning involvement may look different. But some methods can be helpful for those in the spectrum disorders of autism.
Here are the following learning-related sectors that impact learning for children with autism.
Non-verbal ability deficits
Verbal communication is a challenge for some people. Nonverbal communication is used as a form of compensation. Nonverbal communication difficulties may prevent some kids with autism from participating in such a programme. Many children with autism have difficulty making eye contact and making gestures. Nonverbal interaction is broad, and it covers everything from facial expressions, movement, body language, space, touch, voice aside from gestures and eye contact. In general, people do not think about all these things as they go about their everyday activities. Still, non-verbal interaction plays a significant role in communicating properly with other people.
When a person with autism has a problem recognizing nonverbal hints and how to give off their own properly, then effectual interaction can be challenging. In the learning environment, if the education staff is not aware of how to support such students who have interaction deficits, then the student will struggle more.
It is the responsibility of the educational systems to train their special staff on how to support autistic students with their communication needs. Moreover, they should also teach lectures on communication and social skills with a speech therapist for a better experience.
Teachers can motivate play games to make social interaction easy in an engaging and fun way. The students who have poor nonverbal abilities can still be socially and academically successful in their classrooms, as they can develop their language skills. To help them build their skills, parents, caregivers, teachers can support and work with these students in the community, home and tuition. Using a visual schedule is a useful method as well. It can help typically in enhancing a child’s language skills.
Lack of concentration
We know many students who lack focus in their studies and their classrooms. The students with autism also have this problem, and they cannot concentrate properly; ADHD and ADD are common in many individuals who are autistic. If a student with autism does not find anything interesting, they lack focus in it, mostly in their academics, and it happens faster than in a normal individual.
Sensory issues can make it very hard for such students to focus on an assignment or a lesson. They can easily lose focus and are distracted by things that barely interest an individual without autism, such as the texture of cloth or colour of it, sound or smell and even sensations surrounding them. They may remember the details of a story, but they cannot share the main idea that they get from the story; it is difficult for them to see the bigger picture. They have difficulty in summarizing others’ or their ideas. Teachers and parents can address these signs by putting details into patterns to unveil the bigger pattern of the complete information. Here are some other ways to grow such student’s focus in the classroom:
- Use repetition
- Remove distractions around them
- Make use of modelling strategies
- Grow the level of engagement of learning activities
- Immerse them in high-interest topics and activities
- Add reinforcements and set goals for them
- Provide concise and clear directions
Language and speech disorders
Language and speech disorders can be the main ways autism can impact learning. These can be the first signs of autism as well. There are many types of language and speech disorders that are considered receptive. Parents who are aware of such disorders can hire a language and speech pathologist to assess and observe. It involves how the child is speaking, listening, repeating some phrases and following other directions.
The receptive disorder category has a part which is pragmatic speech delay, a more common type of delay that shows itself in what the people speak, method of their speaking, and the timing of speaking. Individuals with autism, having pragmatic delays, might talk out of the topic or out of turn consistently, become louder, become perseverate in particular phrases, have difficulty conveying their opinions and ideas and more. Apart from pragmatic delays, autism can affect learning if the child has developmental delays that occur when they are a baby.
Parents, teachers and guardians can help students who lack focus gain focus again. There are many other ways. Today students like to take help from assignment writing service uk. So you can introduce autistic students to use it for their ease if they are having difficulty concentrating.
Other than lack of focus, autistic children can also have narrow interests. It means they can be skilled and focused on some areas of their interests, but they will have difficulty in other fields of learning, which means they have narrow interests. Excessive and focused attention might present itself in the form of repetitive actions. They may find it difficult to accept the fact that others’ interests are not as intense as their own. Furthermore, they may be unaware that their constant barrage of inquiries is driving others to distraction.