Gemstones are famous for their healing powers and vibrant colors as well as attractive shapes in the market. Natural and untreated gemstones have high market value, on the other hand beauty lovers always have passion for the adorable shapes of gemstones. In fact the professional gemstone cutter can carve the gemstones skillfully into beautiful shapes which mesmerize people.
Significance of gemstone cutting:
Cutting of gemstones makes the color intensity and brightness of the gemstone to come out. A skillful gem cutter who had a minimum of two years of experience in gem cutting can carve the gemstone resulting in the formation of pretty shapes with eye-capturing glow and color.
Various types of Gemstone cuttings and shapes:
There are different types of gemstone cuttings. The gem cutter chooses a cut among various types of cuts to carve the untreated rough stone. He chooses the type of cut to bring out the color intensity and also to minimize the imperfections. Some valuable information about popular gemstones cuts is below:
Oval shape and cut:
The exact invention of the oval cut is still unknown. But People think that Lazare Kaplan created the oval cut in the late 1950s – early 1960s. The oval cut is a modified brilliant-cut. And Gem cutter cuts the stone in oval shape through a cabochon cut that gives extraordinary durability and a glittering appearance. Furthermore it is the easily available shape in the market and is most adored by gemstone seekers due to its capability to retain the carat weight during the process of carving the stone.
Marquise shape and cut:
People in gemstone market commonly call Marquise cut as Navette cut meaning a little boat in french. Marquise shape achieved through the carving of the stone via brilliant cut. It resembles an oval shape with a slight difference in its ends. It has finely pointed ends with generally 58 facets. Carving the stone through this cut magnifies the visible size without losing the carat weight. So, Marquise shaped gemstones not only appear larger in shape but also they are more expensive than the others.
Round shape and cut:
People do not know who invented this cut. But, most of people think that Vincenzio Perruzzi, a Venetian cutter from 18 th century was the first person to cut the gemstone in a round shape. In fact it is the most traditional shape of gemstones that was popular and abundant in the market for centuries. In this cut, Gem cutter cuts the stone via brilliant-cut and in some cases, he chooses brilliant cut along with the rose cut. This step will bring out a perfectly round shape. Customers are great admirers of round cuts. And this cut is most popular because of its maximum light returning capacity when compared to other diamond cuts and shapes. In addition to the above features, this cut is famous for increasing the sparkling effect of the stone.
Pear shape and cut:
People nicknamed pear shape as teardrop as it resembles a water drop. Because this shape is somewhat round at one end which becomes narrow and pointed at the other end. It is most adored by the people, especially by women. People consider that it is best suitable for earrings and necklaces. Louis van Berquem, a Flemish polisher of Belgium was the first person to craft a diamond in a pear shape. And it occurred in the year 1458. Typically pear-shaped gemstone has 56 to 58 facets.
Heart shape and cut:
The heart shape is a modified pear shape with a slight divergence. Gem cutter carves the round end of a pear shape and modifies it into a cleft. And also he takes care in such a way that two halves beside the cleft are equally created and given a round surface. These are perfectly suited for engagement and marriage rings as they show the shape of a love symbol that is the heart. As well as you can express love, compassion to your loved ones. You can achieve this shape is achieved via brilliant-cut and typically has 58 facets in the gemstone.
Trillion or trilliant cut and shape:
The person who invented the trillion cut and shape was unknown. But it was first crafted in Amsterdam. Latter this shape became popular with the help of the Henry Meyer Diamond Company of New York in 1962. The name itself indicates that it has 3 corners and resembles a triangle. You can achieve this shape through brilliant-cut and stone have 31 to 43 facets generally. These gemstones may have round or pointed ends. Because of its fancy trillion shape and extraordinary brightness, it attracts most of the people. Another special feature of this cut is it reduces the wastage of rough stone during the cutting process.
Briolette cut and shape:
It is an extraordinary and special type of cut known for 800 years. It is an elongated and faceted pear shape. Briolette cut gemstones commonly known as royal gemstones. Moreover Briolette shaped crystals are popular for capturing the attention of people because of their unique feature of reflecting light from all sides and with higher intensity. People regard it as a tuff cut, acquires great skill and more time to achieve it. And also it is a very rare and expensive gemstone cut suitable for earrings and necklaces.
Radiant cut and shape:
In the loose gemstone market you can see the radiant cut as a combination of the brightness of a round cut and the shape of an emerald cut. In this shape typically the gemstone has 8 to 75 facets. Radiant cut diamonds are popular and cost affordable when compared to other diamond cuts and shapes. People admire this shape because it has extraordinary sparkling brilliance and there will be minimum wastage of carat during carving the stone.
Square cut and shape:
The square cut is a traditional and popular cut in the market of gemstones. Very often you can see the pairing of this cut with other cuts to form new variations in gemstone cuttings. Some of them are as follows:
Asscher shape and cut:
Square cut and step cut together forms a new cut named Asscher cut. Asscher brothers of Holland introduced this cut for the first time in 1902. And in 2001 Edward and Joop Asscher had done some modifications in Asscher cut turning it into a modern Asscher or royal Asscher cut. Performing this cut results in a gemstone having a square shape with features like a flat table, large step facets and a high crown. The four corners are cropped. The older version of this cut has 58 facets and in the newer one, it is modified into 74 facets. It is most suited for diamonds.
Square Princess cut and shape:
Gem cutter pairs square cut as well as brilliant cut together. This will result in the creation of a new cut called square princess cut. Beauty lovers admire this shape because the brilliance intensity increases to a greater extent. And you can see this brilliance in the sharp corners and the center of the stone. The square princess cut gemstone typically has 78 facets and has rich value in the market.
Rectangle cut and shape:
Just like square-cut, rectangle cut is also an old fashion cut and has high demand in the market. A skillful gem crafter always combines rectangle cut with other cuts to form new variations. Here are some given below:
Gem cutter crafts desired stone into Rectangle baguette by combining both step cut and rectangle cut. The word Baguette came from the Italian word “bacchetta”, which means little stick. It is a long, narrow rectangle with 14 facets.
Emeralds look gorgeous with this cut. It does not focus on gemstone clarity but it brings out the dazzling brilliance of the color. It is a rectangle with cropped corners.
You can see this type of cut in both rectangle and square shapes. Cushion-cut gemstone has round corners. Carving gemstone via this cut improves the clarity of the stone.
Among the above cuts and shapes, you can choose any type of cut based on your need and specification.